Top Maintenance and Cleaning Tips for a Sparkling Pool All Year Round

Sep 25, 2023 | Clean, Pool Maintenance

Maintenance Cleaning

When it comes to maintenance and cleaning, few aspects of home care can be as satisfying yet challenging as taking care of a swimming pool. An immaculately maintained pool doesn’t just elevate the aesthetic appeal of your backyard; it also ensures a safe and hygienic environment for you and your loved ones to relax, play, or exercise. Through this guide, we will dive into the best practices that guarantee your pool remains the pristine oasis you always wanted, regardless of the season.


The visual allure of a shimmering pool on a hot summer day is undeniable. But beyond its inviting appearance, a well-maintained pool reflects the commitment of the owner to health, safety, and the longevity of their investment. Regular pool maintenance and cleaning are pivotal not only to retain its visual appeal but also to ensure that the water is free from harmful pathogens and contaminants. This harmony between beauty and functionality is what turns an ordinary pool into an extraordinary one.

Skimming and Scrubbing Regularly

Every pool owner knows the sight all too well: floating leaves, insects, and various other debris on the pool’s surface. This not only detracts from the pool’s appearance but can also lead to larger maintenance issues down the road.

  • Daily Skimming: It’s more than just an aesthetic choice. By skimming your pool daily, you can ensure that larger problems such as clogged filters and water circulation issues are avoided. This simple, yet essential task can help in maintaining the cleanliness of the pool water, making it more appealing and safer for swimmers.
  • Weekly Scrubbing: Algae, a pool’s most common adversary, can quickly form on the pool’s walls and floor if left unchecked. By setting aside time each week to scrub down your pool, you’re not just battling against algae build-up, but also preventing potential staining and discoloration of the pool’s surfaces. Opt for a robust pool brush and make this a weekly ritual, paying extra attention to corners and hidden spots.

Maintaining the Right Chemical Balance

Diving into the world of pool chemistry can seem daunting, but understanding and managing the core chemicals is instrumental in ensuring your pool remains clear, clean, and safe.

  • Cyanuric Acid: Think of this as your pool’s sunscreen. It helps to protect chlorine from the sun’s UV rays, extending the life of your free chlorine. An optimal level will depend on whether your pool is outdoor or indoor, but typically, 30-50 ppm is a suitable range for outdoor pools.
  • Free Chlorine: This is the sanitizer that keeps your pool water pure and free from harmful bacteria and viruses. Regular testing ensures levels remain effective and safe.
  • Acidity/Alkalinity: Also known as the pH level, this determines how acidic or alkaline the water is. A balanced pH ensures chlorine can effectively keep the water sanitized.
  • Total Alkalinity: Acting as a pH buffer, it keeps the pH levels stable. If this balance is skewed, it can lead to pH level issues and potential scaling.
  • Calcium Hardness: As the name suggests, it’s the measure of calcium in the water. Too little, and your pool’s plaster can erode; too much can lead to flaky calcium deposits.
  • Tips on Testing: Investing in a good quality pool testing kit is vital. Test your pool a minimum of once a week. If your pool sees heavy use, or after a significant rainstorm, consider testing more frequently.
  • Safe Storage of Pool Chemicals: Always store pool chemicals in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Ensure they’re out of reach of children and pets, and store them in their original containers with clear labels. Always handle them with care, using gloves and ensuring good ventilation when applying them to your pool.

Vacuuming the Pool and Brushing Walls and Tile

A sparkling pool isn’t just about the water itself but also the surfaces that come into contact with it. Proper vacuuming and brushing techniques ensure your pool’s floor, walls, and tiles remain as pristine as the day they were installed.

  • Weekly Vacuuming: Just as our homes need regular vacuuming, our pools do too. Regular vacuuming removes the debris that skimming can’t catch. This not only helps in maintaining cleanliness but also promotes better water circulation, reducing the chances of algae growth.
    • Automatic vs. Manual Vacuuming: Automatic pool vacuums are a blessing for those who’d rather not spend time manually vacuuming. They can be programmed and left to do their job, covering the entirety of your pool. Manual vacuuming, on the other hand, allows for more precise cleaning, especially for spots that automatic vacuums might miss.
  • Brushing Techniques: Even with regular vacuuming, there are areas in the pool where stubborn grime and algae can stick. Walls, especially near the waterline, and tiles can become discolored or stained. Using a stiff-bristle brush for tiles and a softer one for vinyl walls can help remove these stains and prevent algae from taking root.

Maintenance Cleaning

Cleaning the Pool Filter

The heart of every pool’s circulation system, the filter, plays a pivotal role in keeping your water clean. Different filters require unique care.

  • Sand Filters: The oldest and most commonly used, sand filters trap debris as they circulate water. Backwashing, a process where water is pumped backward through the filter, cleans it. It’s advisable to backwash when the pressure gauge indicates a 7-10 pounds increase over normal operating pressure.
  • Cartridge Filters: These filters trap debris within their fine mesh cartridge material. Cleaning them is as simple as removing the cartridge and washing it down with a hose. Depending on pool usage, this should be done every 2-4 weeks.
  • Diatomaceous Earth (DE) Filters: DE filters use a fine powder to coat grids inside the filter tank, capturing tiny debris particles as small as 2-5 microns. They are backwashed similarly to sand filters, but after each backwashing, fresh DE needs to be added.

Regardless of the filter type, regular maintenance is vital. Over time, filters can become clogged, reducing their efficiency and putting undue strain on your pool’s circulation system. Always keep an eye on the pressure gauge and clean or backwash as necessary. And, every so often, a more in-depth cleaning or even replacement may be necessary to keep your pool at its best.

Checking and Maintaining Water Levels

Maintaining the correct water level in your pool isn’t just about ensuring you have enough water to splash around in; it’s a key aspect of proper pool health. Here’s why and how to manage it:

  • Importance of the Right Water Level: The water level in your pool should ideally be at the center level of your pool skimmer or pool tile. This allows for optimal performance of the skimmer and also ensures the pump works efficiently. Too high a water level means the skimmer doesn’t work efficiently. Too low, and the pump might run dry or draw in air.
  • Draining and Refilling: After heavy rainfall, you might need to drain some water from the pool to bring it back to its optimal level. Conversely, in the hot summer months, evaporation and lots of pool use can lower the water levels, necessitating a refill. Always use a hose to replenish water levels to avoid shocking the pool with cold water.
  • Monitoring for Potential Leaks: A significant drop in water level, especially if it’s sudden, might indicate a leak. It’s essential to address leaks immediately, as they can damage the pool structure, the surrounding area, and lead to expensive repairs. Check for damp spots around the pool, and if you’re unsure, seek professional advice.

Winterizing for Those in Colder Climates

For pool owners who experience colder winters, the off-season doesn’t mean you can neglect your pool. Proper winterization ensures your pool stays protected during the cold months and is ready to dive into once warmer weather returns.

  • Steps to Winterize: Begin by balancing the water chemistry to protect the pool from staining and algae growth. Next, lower the water level to avoid freezing damage. Clean and store away any accessories, including ladders and diving boards. Finally, blow out the water from the plumbing lines to prevent them from freezing and cracking.
  • The Importance of a Winter Cover: A winter pool cover isn’t the same as your regular pool cover. It’s designed to withstand winter’s harsher conditions, protecting your pool from debris, snow, ice, and sunlight. Properly securing this cover ensures it does its job efficiently and lasts for several seasons.
  • Freeze Protection for Equipment and Plumbing: Pool equipment, especially those with water inside, can be seriously damaged if the water freezes. Using pool antifreeze (which is different from car antifreeze) can prevent this. Ensure that all water is removed from pumps, heaters, filters, and chlorinators. Store removable equipment in a dry, freeze-proof location. For fixed equipment, insulate them and, if possible, keep them running on low during the coldest periods to prevent freezing.

Regular Inspection of Pool Equipment

Just like a car needs its regular check-ups, your pool equipment does too. These machinery and devices are the heartbeat of your pool’s ecosystem, ensuring that the water is clean, fresh, and safe for you to enjoy. Regular inspection is key to early detection of potential issues and ensuring a long-lasting, efficient operation.

  • Pumps: Your pool’s pump is like its heart, circulating water and ensuring even distribution of chemicals. Look for signs of wear and tear, odd noises, or leaks. Ensure that the pump basket is cleaned out regularly and that there are no obstructions affecting its operation.
  • Heaters: Especially for those in cooler climates, the heater can be essential. Check for signs of corrosion or scaling. If you’re noticing that it takes longer than usual to heat your pool, it might be time for a maintenance check.
  • Other Equipment: This includes your pool’s skimmers, return jets, and filtration system. Make sure they are all functioning correctly. Regularly clean and replace filters as necessary, and ensure that jets are aimed correctly to facilitate proper water circulation.
  • Longevity and Efficiency Tips: Ensure all equipment is clean from debris. Lubricate moving parts as necessary. Replace worn-out seals or gaskets promptly. Consider a professional annual inspection to keep everything in top shape.

Using a Tennis Ball for Oils

An unexpected pool cleaning hack that’s been around for years is the simple tennis ball. Yes, that bright yellow ball used in tennis matches can be your pool’s best friend. Here’s why and how:

  • Absorption of Sunscreens and Oils: When swimmers slather on sunscreen, body oil, or even hair products, these can get into the pool, leaving an unsightly sheen on the water’s surface. Tennis balls have a particular type of fibrous felt that can absorb these oils. Simply tossing a tennis ball into the pool can help attract and absorb these contaminants, leaving your water looking clearer and fresher.
  • Tips for Use: It’s as simple as leaving a tennis ball floating in your pool. Over time, as it absorbs oils, you might notice it looking a bit grimy. This is a sign that it’s doing its job. Replace with a fresh ball when necessary. This method doesn’t replace regular cleaning and chemical balancing, but it’s a great supplementary measure to keep your pool in tip-top shape.

Power Wash the Surrounding Pool Area

An immaculate pool is not just about the water inside; it’s also about maintaining the surrounding area. Keeping this space clean ensures that less dirt, leaves, and other debris enter your pool, reducing your overall maintenance effort.

  • Preventing Debris: Dirt, leaves, pollen, and other contaminants can easily be brought into the pool on swimmers’ feet or blown in by the wind. By keeping the surrounding area clean, you’ll find that less of these unwanted guests make their way into your pool. Moreover, a clean surrounding can also significantly enhance the overall aesthetic appeal of your pool area, making it a more inviting place to relax and entertain.
  • Tools and Techniques: Power washing, also known as pressure washing, is an efficient way to clean large surface areas like patios, pool decks, and driveways. When power washing:
    • Use a machine that’s appropriate for the surface you’re cleaning to avoid damages.
    • Use eco-friendly cleaners that won’t harm your pool’s chemistry or the environment.
    • Pay particular attention to areas that are shaded or damp, as these can often become breeding grounds for mold or algae.
  • Frequency: Depending on your location and the type of trees and plants around your pool, you might need to power wash the area seasonally or at least a couple of times a year to ensure it remains clean.

Schedule Professional Maintenance

While many pool owners take pride in doing much of their pool maintenance, there are times when calling in the professionals is the best option. These experts come equipped with knowledge, tools, and experience that can keep your pool at its best.

  • Recognizing the Signs: There are times when, despite your best efforts, your pool might not look or feel right. Maybe the water’s turned an unusual color, or perhaps the equipment’s making a strange noise. These are signs that it’s time to call in the experts. They can identify problems that might not be apparent to the untrained eye.
  • Benefits of Professional Checks:
    • Deep Cleaning: Even with regular maintenance, over time, some areas might need a deeper clean, which professionals can provide.
    • Equipment Upgrades: Technology is always advancing. A professional can advise on the latest equipment that can save time, energy, and money in the long run.
    • Chemical Balancing: While DIY kits are available, professionals have access to more sophisticated tools to ensure that your pool’s chemical balance is perfect.
  • Frequency: Ideally, even if you maintain your pool regularly, a professional check at least once a year can ensure that everything’s in order and help catch potential problems before they become more significant issues. Think of it as an annual health check-up for your pool.

Maintenance Cleaning

Storing Pool Tools and Toys Correctly

Every pool owner is familiar with the array of tools and toys that accompany a swimming pool. From nets and vacuum hoses to floaties and water guns, these items can quickly accumulate. Proper storage not only ensures the longevity of these items but also maintains the cleanliness and hygiene of the pool.

  • Clean Before Storing: Before putting away any pool tool or toy, ensure it’s free from pool water and any visible debris. This step is crucial as letting chlorine and other pool chemicals sit on these items can degrade them over time. Toys, especially, should be cleaned and dried to prevent mold, bacteria, or algae from taking root.
  • Storage Solutions:
    • Hanging Racks: These are great for tools like skimmers, brushes, and hoses, allowing them to dry out thoroughly and remain organized.
    • Storage Bins: Preferably with drainage holes, are ideal for toys. They provide ample ventilation, ensuring toys dry out, reducing the risk of mold and bacterial growth.
    • Shaded Areas: UV rays can damage and fade pool tools and toys. If possible, store them in shaded or indoor areas when not in use.

Managing Pool Usage

A swimming pool is a hub of activity, especially during the summer months. While it’s a place of fun and relaxation, certain measures can be taken to ensure that its cleanliness and water quality aren’t compromised.

  • Pre-Pool Showers: Encouraging all swimmers to take a quick shower before jumping into the pool can drastically reduce the amount of dirt, sweat, cosmetics, and other contaminants entering the pool. This not only keeps the water cleaner but also reduces the strain on your pool’s filtration system.
  • Pool Rules for Cleanliness:
    • No Food or Drink: While it might be tempting to snack by the pool, crumbs and spills can attract pests and contaminate the pool water.
    • Proper Swimwear: Swimmers should wear appropriate swimwear. Regular clothes can release dyes and fibers into the water, affecting its clarity and chemical balance.
    • Pet Policies: As much as Fido might love to splash around, pet hair and dander can clog filters and introduce additional dirt.

By setting these simple guidelines and ensuring everyone understands their importance, you can maintain a pristine pool environment while still ensuring everyone has a great time.


Maintaining a pool may seem like an arduous task, given the myriad of steps involved. From balancing chemicals to vacuuming the depths, each task is a cog in the machine that keeps your pool running smoothly. However, the rewards of such diligence are immeasurable.

Imagine the peace of mind that comes from knowing that the shimmering water is not just aesthetically pleasing but also safe and healthy for everyone. A well-maintained pool reduces the risks of skin irritations, eye problems, and other health issues caused by unbalanced water conditions. Moreover, the joy of diving into crystal-clear water on a scorching summer day, or hosting a gathering where the pool is the centerpiece, cannot be overstated.

It’s worth noting that a sparkling pool is also a testament to the care and dedication of the homeowner. It reflects attention to detail and a commitment to creating a safe and enjoyable environment for family and friends.

In the end, every skimming, scrubbing, and chemical check is a step towards ensuring that the pool remains a source of joy, relaxation, and health benefits. So, as you dive into those pristine waters or watch the sun cast reflections on the undisturbed surface, take a moment to appreciate the fruits of your labor. Your meticulous maintenance has not only extended the life of your pool but has also enhanced the swimming experience for all who plunge into its depths.

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